Mole Introduction

The Mole is a family of small burrowing mammals found in almost every continent (besides Australia and south America). There are around 20 different species of mole found in their natural, earthy environments. Some species of mole are also aquatic or at least semi-aquatic which means that these mole species spend at least some of their time in the water. Moles have long, curved claws which the moles use to burrow underground. Moles can quickly create long tunnels under the surface of the earth and the tunnel entrances can easily be identified by the mounds of earth that appear (normally all over your garden lawn)! These mounds of soil are commonly known as mole hills. Many of the different species of mole are very similar in appearance and range in size from just 2 cm to 2 cm. The oddest exception to this is the star-nosed mole that inhabits parts of Canada and the northeast of the USA. The star-nosed mole can be easily identified by the distinctive star-shaped ending to the star-nosed mole’s snout. Moles are omnivores that primarily feed and hunt earthworms. Moles are known to construct special underground larders in which the mole can store its food. Some of the larger species of mole have also been known to eat small mice. The mole does this by catching the mouse at the entrance to its burrow.

Keywords to learn

Mound: a rounded mass projecting above a surface.

Snout: the projecting nose and mouth of an animal, especially a mammal.

About Me

Hey Kids, my name is Madison the Mole and I am very happy to meet you. Learn more about me and my species.



Key Data

  • Order:
  • Lifespan:
    3-6 years.
  • Class:
  • Scientific name:
  • Mass:
    250-550g (8.8-19.4oz).
  • Length:
    12-15cm (4.7-5.9in).
  • Region Found:
    Europe, Asia, South Africa and North America.
  • Population Status:
  • Current population trend:
  • Diet:
  • Sexual maturity:
    10 months.


As you have learned, the Mole is large family of animals some normal that you can find in your garden and some weird and wacky ones that look like aliens!


Now that you know more about the Mole by learning the key data above, be sure to also to check out the fun facts. When you are finished learning the facts, try answering the questions in the Q&A corner on the bottom right side of the page.



Download questions about the Mole here: Mole (answers are on this page)





Mole Fun Facts for Kids

  • # 1.  Some species of mole have the strength to move objects more than 40 times there body weight.
  • # 2. The naked mole rat (see article) is immune to cancer and can survive 18 minutes without oxygen!
  • # 3. Moles can dig up to 18 feet in one hour.
  • # 4. The saliva in the mouth of the mole contains a toxin that can paralyze small animals such as earthworms meaning that the mole is able to eat its catch successfully but the mole is also able to store food to eat later.
  • # 5. Moles usually have litters with 2 to 6 babies. The babies can take care of themselves when they are only one month old.

Q&A Corner

  • # 1. How many species of moles is there?
  • # 2. What is the average lifespan of the mole?
  • # 3. What is the population status of the mole?
  • # 4. What species of mole is immune to cancer?
  • # 5. On average, how many babies does a mole have in one litter?


2 Replies to “Mole”

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